Op-Ed Articles

Albarado Preserved History of 1918 Massacre – Uvalde Leader-News (August 22, 2021)

“Texas lost an important keeper of history this week. I am honored to have worked with Benita Albarado and her family, I am grateful that she shared her family history with me and the historians in the public history project Refusing to Forget. We remain committed to continuing her work and sharing truthful lessons of the past with the next generation of Texans.” – Monica Muñoz Martinez

Borders Dont Stop Violence–They Create It – Public Books (July 7, 2021)

“Just as the border is a constructed space, immigration laws and policies are also written and can be changed. Immigration reform has to be a part of broader calls for racial justice. – Monica Muñoz Martinez

The bright side of a bad Texas history bill? It’s too late to whitewash the past – The Washington Post (June 4, 2021)

“Scholars, teachers and museums have made great strides in incorportating not only Black, Latino and Indigenous histories, but also in addressing racial violence and other forms of white supremecy in the state’s history. The Texas Legislation may end up being a rearguard action in a battle already lost for the hearts and minds of a new generation.” — John Morán González and Benjamin H. Johnson

Remove the statue of Confederate General and Texas Ranger Lawrence Sullivan Ross at Texas A&M – Houston Chronicle (June 16, 2020)

“Our call to remove the statue is not an effort to remake history in exchange for politically correct fiction, but a call to recognize what the statue intended to represent in its historical moment.” — Sonia Hernández

Texas Needs K-12 Curriculum to Combat Ideologies of Hate – Austin-American Statesman (August 19, 2019)

“To address ideologies of hate there needs to be an educational component to the state’s response. The continued hold of white nationalism exists because of Texas’s educational failure to address the history of racism and racial violence.” — Trinidad Gonzales

15 Unsung Moments From American History That Historians Say You Should Know About – Time Magazine (June 28, 2019)

“Today the nearly 1600 pages of documents are digitally available for view through the Texas State Archives, but the myth of the Texas Rangers continues to loom large. A century later, worrisome trends of police abuse and the denial of rights and protections for migrants continues.” — Monica Muñoz Martinez

How ‘The Highwaymen’ whitewashes Frank Hamer and the Texas Rangers – The Washington Post (March 31, 2019)

“…films like ‘The Highwaymen’ are counterproductive, encouraging a nostalgic return to outdated and mythical accounts of the past, when the Texas Rangers’ extralegal violence stood for good ol’ Texas justice.” — Monica Muñoz Martinez

Refusing to Forget any of Texas’ History – Austin-American Stateman (Septemeber 25, 2018)

“The problem is that the story of Texas, at least as we’ve come to know it, is radically incomplete. For every aspect of Texas history remembered this way, there are many more that are forgotten.” — John Morán González

This Cinco de Mayo marks alarming setbacks for Mexican-Americans, Mexicans in U.S. – Houston Chronicle (May 5th, 2017)

“…Mexican Americans must continue to work alongside other communities to bend the arc of history toward the peace – and dignity – that flows from social justice.”— John Morán González


Hate Crime Expert: Crimes Spike around Trump’s Election and Rhetoric – MSNBC

“Brown University Professor Monica Martinez says the dangerous history of ‘invasion’ rhetoric dates back to the early 20th century where Mexican-Americans and Mexican nationals were killed by U.S. residents and officials that were ‘inspired by the rhetoric of politicians’ who painted Mexicans as ‘bandits and rapists.’” — The Beat with Ari, MSNBC

Mexican Americans faced racial terror from 1910-1920 – Associated Press


The History Behind the Border Crisis

RTF team member Monica Muñoz Martinez joins the Brian Lehrer WNYC/New York Public Radio to discuss the history behind the current crisis at the border.

“Today we are talking about cartel members and gangsters, 100 years ago any Mexican was assumed to be a bandit or a revolutionary. That kind of criminalizing people leads to violence, when the public buys into that sentiment it creates a culture of impunity.” Monica Muñoz Martinez

The Borderlands War 1915-1920

University of Texas at Austin’s History Department hosts 15-minute discussion on border conflict. Host Joan Neuberger, professor of history with RTF team member John Morán González, associate professor of English.

“Essentially, they [The Texas Rangers] were in the service of consolidating the new, white, supremacist order in south Texas. That essentially was the purpose of the violence was to send a clear signal that Mexican Americans would be dealt with harshly if they attempted any opposition to this new order, whether through the ballot box or other means.” — John Morán González

Violent Policing of the Texas Border

University of Texas at Austin’s History Department hosts 15-minute discussion on border conflict. Host Augusta Dell’Omo interviews RTF team member Monica Muñoz Martinez, Stanley J Bernstein Assistant Professor of American Studies at Brown University.

“…what you see are politicians that use the border and the need to police the border and border residents as political rhetoric that gains currency, strokes fear, and so there was a lot of fear that was used to justify, between 1914 and 1917, 100,000 U.S. troops that were sent to police the border between Arizona and Brownsville, Texas. And so we’re seeing, again, the ways in which the border is being used as a place to stage national power.” — Monica Muñoz Martinez


Border Fears – Lapham’s Quarterly 

RTF team member Monica Muñoz Martinez traces the path of militarization and fear along the Rio Grande

This period of state sanctioned violence has largely been forgotten by Americans, due in large part to the work of the press, politicians, and later historians who represented racial violence as progress. Accumulating dead Mexican bodies on the border were presented to mean safer conditions for Anglo settlement, consumption, and capital. Current federal and state policing regimes have deep roots in the violence of the borderlands – the regime of terror practiced a century ago on the Texas-Mexico border is crucial to ongoing conversations about police brutality and the carceral state.” — Monica Muñoz Martinez

History Teaches Us Not to Reducing Policing Standards – Blog: Los Angeles Review of Books

“Americans should heed the warnings of immigrant rights and human rights organizations, and the border agents themselves, that warn the abuse at the hands of the undertrained and poorly vetted [border] agents.” — Monica Muñoz Martinez

Porvenir Massacre – Texas State Historical Association: Handbook of Texas

“In the early morning of January 28, 1918, Texas Rangers of Company B and four local ranchmen…surrounded the residents of Porvenir. With the help of soldiers from the Eighth U.S. Cavalry Regiment, the rangers and the cattlemen woke up the residents and separated fifteen men and boys from their families and neighbors. The unarmed group was taken into custody, denied due process, and executed en masse.” — Monica Muñoz Martinez


Los Tejanos

Website developed by Hernán Contreras that includes family histories and documents

1918 Porvenir Massacre

Website developed by Arlinda Valencia that includes family histories and photographs related to the Porvenir massacre of 1918.


Border Bandits

Film by award winning Kirby Warnock. Inspired by an oral history collected with his grandfather Roland Warnock.

Watch the full documentary here